As Zeytinburnu dental polyclinic , we are working to provide you the best service in the treatment of dental caries . Call us now and get more detailed information about dental caries and dental caries treatment .
WHAT IS TOOTH DECAY?
Dental caries are diseases caused by bacteria, which can be seen in dark colors such as brown or black on the chewing surfaces of the teeth, and can be either chalky white at the interface where the teeth come into contact with each other, or can only be detected by x-rays. If dental caries progress, cavities are formed on the teeth where food residues can accumulate. In the absence of intervention, first of all, cold and hot foods and beverages are sensitive to persistent pain.
HOW DOES TOOTH CARE OCCUR?
On the hard tissues and teeth in the mouth, there is a layer called bacterial plaque consisting of bacteria, sticky substance called dextran and food residues secreted by bacteria to attach to teeth. Bacteria inside the plate digest small food debris, releasing organic acids. Since these acids come into contact with the teeth for a long time due to dextran, they cause the tooth enamel to deteriorate by dissolving the mineral tissue, and as a result, the tooth decay.
CAN DENTAL DECAY BE PREVENTED?
It is necessary to brush the teeth for at least 3 minutes after breakfast and before going to bed in the evening in order to remove the food residues adhering to the teeth. Especially in individuals with tight tooth alignment, food residues accumulating on the side surfaces where the teeth come into contact with each other cannot be cleaned sufficiently even with regular tooth brushing. In order to prevent tooth decay in these areas, floss should be used at least once a day after brushing.
A fluoride toothpaste should be used, as the effect of fluoride on caries prevention or decay reduction has been proven. The toothbrush should be kept in a way that bacteria does not accumulate on it and should be changed at regular intervals.
Sugary foods should be avoided as much as possible between main meals, and teeth should be brushed when sugary foods are eaten. If there is no possibility to brush, it will be appropriate to chew gums bearing the tooth-friendly emblem.
Children are brought to the dentist’s control regularly from the first dentition period and if necessary, protective sealant or fluoride application can be applied on the teeth.
Caries risk determination can be made by going to the dentist regularly at least every six months. Thus, initial caries can be detected before they grow and can be treated without causing problems.
If chalky whites or brown or black spots appear on the teeth, it is necessary to consult the dentist immediately.
If the above points are observed, tooth decay can definitely be prevented.